Taking good quality photographs relies greatly on good light. It is important to have a good set up as well as use the light to help your photography. These lighting effects create visually appealing pictures and are the basics for any photographer to learn. Photographers are often measured by their ability to use light effectively.
There are a few basic categories of light when taking pictures, but they can be lumped into two main sections; natural and artificial. Within those categories, there is a subset of categories such as wedding photography, graduation pictures, jewelry photography, etc. These each has their own unique requirement for lighting. Light tents are used for the special jewelry photography sessions and hair lights are used for portrait pictures.
Good photographers use a variety of concepts in their photography. Some of these include back lighting to create silhouettes, side lighting for filling, fill lighting for large regions, diffused lighting, and illumination, which is the primary light source.
Some of the most beautiful photographs are taken in natural light (such as sunlight) and can vary based on the expertise of the picture taker. Photographers use objects to help with natural light pictures, such as an opaque board or matte backdrop. Excess light entering the camera is not a good thing, so master photographers work with angles and items to aid in this. There is also light tends that help to diffuse the light and backgrounds that capture the light effectively. Also, the camera settings must be adjusted to accommodate natural light to create the best pictures.
Great pictures can also be taken in artificial light. Not only from overhead lights, but the camera flash, fluorescent lights, and even lamps all are considered artificial light. Sometimes, red eyes appear in pictures from artificial lighting, which can be prevented from the correct camera setting, or corrected afterwards in a photo editing program. Sometimes, light tents, kits, or even soft boxes can aid the photographer to adjust the light. Other tools photographers use are backdrops, lighting umbrellas, gadgets to measure the amount of light, and reflectors. These are just some of the tools that a photographer uses in their work.